In November 2017, I posted The 50 Original Rules. It’s a recap of the history of the conduct rules that apply to lawyers.
As best as I can tell, the earliest record of guidelines for attorney conduct in the United States is David Hoffman’s 1836 publication of his Fifty Resolutions in Regard to Professional Deportment. My post includes each of Hoffman’s 50 resolutions.
182 years later, it’s somewhat fascinating to me how many of Hoffman’s resolutions continue to resonate. Many are embedded in the rules and our collective professional conscience. Given my fascination, I’ve resolved to blog about the continued relevance of Hoffman’s resolutions, taking them one at a time. So far:
- Don’t be a jerk.
- Don’t switch sides.
- Don’t overcomplicate trust accounting.
- Deliver the file
- Resolve to be a mentor
- Be Diligent
Today’s tip: manage expectations by providing candid legal advice.
Here’s Hoffman’s Resolution 31:
- “All opinions for clients, verbal or written, shall be my opinions, deliberately and sincerely given, and never venal and flattering offerings to their wishes or their vanity. And though clients sometimes have the folly to be better pleased with having their views confirmed by an erroneous opinion than their wishes or hopes thwarted by a sound one, yet such assentation is dishonest and unprofessional. Counsel, in giving opinions, whether they perceive this weakness in their clients or not, should act as judges, responsible to God and man, as also especially to their employers, to advise them soberly, discreetly, and honestly, to the best of their ability, though the certain consequence be the loss of large prospective gains.”
I’m using the exact quote. To be clear, I’m not suggesting that competent representation includes being responsible to God or any other deity. Again, I was simply quoting Hoffman.
The rest of Resoluton 31 is as relevant today as it was in 1836. Candid legal advice is always a better option than telling the client what the client wants to hear.
I’ve written often on managing client expectations:
In my experience, the lawyer who fails to set reasonable expectations at the outset of the representation should expect to have the client file a disciplinary complaint.
False hope leads to disappointment. Even if the result is as good as the client should have expected from the outset, the client likely will be disappointed if the result pales in comparison to what the lawyer suggested the outcome would be. Don’t fall into that trap. As Hoffman said, “[a]nd though clients sometimes have the folly to be better pleased with having their views confirmed by an erroneous opinion than their wishes or hopes thwarted by a sound one, yet such assentation is dishonest and unprofessional.”
Better to thwart unreasonable hopes with sound advice than to nurture their growth.
Manage expectations by providing candid legal advice. If you don’t, the client will insert your name into the Blank Space on a disciplinary complaint.
Don’t say I didn’t say I didn’t warn ya.