There’s a lot going on in Montreal this summer. Go! Be a #WellLawyer!
But, if you go, make sure you take reasonable precautions to protect client data at the border.
Today, I’m going to share a few old posts, as well as an updated advisory ethics opinion from the New York City Bar Association.
My old posts:
- Thaw Bound? Protect Client Data at the Border
- Crossing the Border? Consider bringing only what you really need
Last summer, the New York City Bar Association issued Formal Opinion 2017-5. In short, and as reported by the ABA Journal, lawyers should take reasonable precautions to avoid the disclosure of client information during a border crossing.
Here are some highlights from the NYC Opinion:
- Rules 1.1 (competence) and 1.6 (confidences) impose a duty to act competently to safeguard client information.
- The duty includes taking reasonable precautions against disclosing information that should not be disclosed.
- The duty requires “attorneys to make reasonable efforts prior to crossing the U.S. border to avoid or minimize the risk that government agents will review or seize client confidences that are carried on, or accessible on, electronic devices that attorneys carry across the border.”
Last month, the NYCBA reissued the opinion. Some other takeaways:
- Odds that a device will be searched might be low. But, don’t discount the possibility.
- The safest way to protect client data is not to bring any. This might not be feasible given the increasingly blurred lines between “work” and “personal” devices, but it remains an option.
- If asked to produce a device, an attorney should inform the border agent that it contains confidential & privileged information. This triggers additional duties by the border agent before the search is conducted.
- Finally, if a device is searched, an attorney likely has a duty to notify clients.
For more, see the opinion.
Adieu et bon voyage!