Monday Morning Answers: Constitution Day

Friday’s quiz took a break from ethics and focused on the Constitution.  It’s here.  Spoiler alert: the answers follow the Honor Roll.


Gold = Perfect Score

  • Beth DeBernardi, Disciplinary Counsel
  • Laura Gorsky, Law Offices of David Sunshine
  • Keith Kasper, McCormick, Fitzpatrick, Kasper & Burchard
  • Elizabeth Kruska, Marsicovetere Law Group
  • Wesley Lawrence, Theriault & Joslin
  • Tom Little, Little & Cicchetti
  • Hal Miller, First American
  • Allison Wannop, Law Clerk, Vermont Superior Court, Addison & Chittenden Units


Question 1 (2 parts, 1 point each)

James Madison was 1 of 2 future US Presidents to sign the Constitution.  His lifelong home was an estate in Orange County, Virginia. Vermonters should recognize the name of Madison’s estate.

  • What was the name of Madison’s estate?:  MONTPELIER
  • Who was the other future US President to sign the Constitution? GEORGE WASHINGTON

Question 2

What’s the subject of the most recently ratified amendment?

  • A.  Congressional salaries.  The 27th Amendment.  It prohibits congressional raises from taking effect until the next session of Congress.  It was ratified in 1992.  Strangely, it was presented for ratification by the States in 1789, as part of the original Bill of Rights. Thus, not only is it the most recent amendment, it is the one that took the longest to ratify.
  • B.  Equal Rights
  • C.  Presidential Succession
  • D.  Poll Taxes

Question 3

Top 5?

Especially in election years, the 1st and 2nd Amendment are often in the news.  Most lawyers remember studying the 4th & 5th in law school.  That leaves #3. What does the 3rd Amendment prohibit?

The quartering of soldiers in private homes.

Question 4 (Author & Title: 1 point each)

These statements refer to the Constitution.  The same author wrote each, and each appears in the same place.  Please identify the author and what you’re reading if you come across the statements.

  • “To what purpose are powers limited, and to what purpose is that limitation committed to writing, if these limits may, at any time, be passed by those intended to be restrained?
  • “It is emphatically the province and duty of the Judicial Department to say what the law is.”

Chief Justice John Marshall in Marbury v. Madison.

Question 5

In an episode of The Office, Michael Scott ran over a co-worker in the company parking lot. He was driving a company car. When asked by an HR rep if the accident happened on company property, Michael replied:

  • “It was on company property, with company property.”

Then, citing a clause in the Bill of Rights, Michael said “So,  _______, we’re fine.”

What legal theory found in the Bill of Rights did Michael mistakenly think rendered him and the company “fine?”

Double Jeopardy.   Script below, the video is HERE.


Ryan: Did this happen on company property?
Michael Scott: It was on company property, with company property. So, double jeopardy, we’re fine.
Ryan: I don’t think– I don’t think you understand how jeopardy works.
Michael Scott: Oh, I’m sorry. What is, ‘we’re fine’?